Concrete is the substance that is used widely on a large scale. Its prevalence is growing in constructional work from a small house to massive infrastructure. Substance use is increasing as the day passes.
Due to its durable and lasting features, it has gain popularity in the international market, mostly in construction work. One may ask, whether it is harmful, or is it eco-friendly?
We will discuss the fact about the concrete and its effect on the environment.
Why is concrete considered harmful?
The terms “cement” and “concrete” are considered compatible. In real, the cement is a binder substance that is mixed with water and gravel to make concrete. The concrete is the most used substance around the globe. As we know, the cement is an essential ingredient in the making of concrete & it also holds environmental risk. The cement industries are the foremost source of toxic gases like carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases. According to a survey in 2016, almost 2.2 BT of carbon dioxide emits from these industries around the globe.
It is the cause of climate change around the world. It has given rise to many factors that are harmful to nature and its habitat. Let’s discuss some of them:
- It is the main factor for soil degradation.
- Considered as the source that gives rise to various pollution factors like noise pollution, air pollution, etc.
- The leftover of the cement cause land pollution.
- The reason for the loss of agricultural lands.
- Give rise to diseases like skin diseases, respiratory diseases.
- It is a large consumption of energy and fuel.
- An excessive amount of freshwater gets polluted during the process.
There is a massively use of concrete for the construction of houses, bridges, buildings, and other infrastructures. The massive production of the concrete also involves the use of ingredients like gravel and water. As the demand of the concrete increases, the materials necessities for its production also increases. For that reason, massive land degradation is seen around the globe to gain ingredients.
The world is facing a water shortage nowadays. It gets polluted by the different factors, one of which is cement production, and it is interrelated to concrete production. Around 1.1 B people lack access to potable water. According to experts, this ratio will increase as the day pass, and by 2025 on 1/3 of the population will face water shortage.
As concrete holds a beneficial factor and it also the reason for various environmental harms.
So as the population increase, the demands for the cement and the concrete would also surge. The concrete is also the factor for the urban heat island effect that can affect human health. High air pollution, increased temperature and low nighttime cooling are the outcome of urban island effect. For this reason, there is a vast difference in temperatures between rural and urban areas.
The scientist and organization are working on the ways to decrease the effect of concrete. They are trying to develop; an alternate for the substance to avoid the risk we are about to face in the future. May the new product or the way could lessen or reduce the risk faced by nature and its inhabitants.